Plot Structures
Plot is the literary element that describes the structure of a story. It shows the a causal arrangement of events and actions within a story.

Freytag's Pyramid


Main Article: Freytag's Pyramid

Freytag’s Pyramid uses a five-part system to describe a story’s plot. This graphic organizer matches the way stories are constructed: The climax is the high point, and it’s surrounded by rising and falling action.[1]


Exposition: The start of the story. The way things are before the action starts.

Rising Action: the series of conflicts and crisis in the story that lead to the climax.

Climax: The turning point. The most intense moment (either mentally or in action.)

Falling Action: All of the action almost ends which follows the Climax.

Resolution: The conclusion, the tying together of all of the threads.

Denouement: The final part of the narrative story in which the strands of the plot are drawn together and matters are explained or resolved.

Theme: The theme in a story is its underlying message, moral lesson, or 'big idea.' 


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